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VERY RARE & HISTORIC INSCRIBED & ENGRAVED WINCHESTER MODEL 1866 SADDLE RING CARBINE. SN 105316. Cal. 44 RF Henry. Usual configuration with 20″ bbl, full magazine & integral front band/front sight with 2-position flip rear sight. Left side of receiver has a staple & ring. Mounted with very nicely figured, uncheckered, slab-sawed American walnut with straight stock & crescent brass buttplate. Buttstock is probably an old replacement. Receiver is very nicely engraved by L.D. Nimschke in his typical bold flowing foliate arabesque patterns with extremely fine pearled or punch-dot background. Left sideplate has the oval vignette with the inscription in script “Don / Pio Pico / RANCHO / SANTA / MARGARITA / 1873”. Right side is elaborately engraved with flowing intertwined foliate arabesque patterns with both sides having dbl chip borders which also extend around the rear edge and top tang. Top of the receiver is matching engraved with a wonderful sunburst pattern over the receiver ring. Quite unusually the bbl bands are matching engraved as is the buttplate tang. Bottom of the carrier is engraved in diamond & dot patterns. Left side of lower tang, under the wood, is marked with a “V” and “XXX”. Both sides of the tangs & interior of the receiver retain strong silver plating as does inside the buttplate. Top tang channel of the buttstock is marked with the matching SN which may be spurious as it appears the buttstock is a replacement because the wood in the buttstock is not 3X quality and the finish is a different color, which does not match the quality of the forearm which does appear to be 2-3X quality. The matching number is also found inside the toe of the buttplate and unusually, the “5” in the SN is stamped upside down. Pio Pico was a very famous, if controversial, resident of Southern California and the last governor of Mexican California (1845-46), before Mexico lost the war with the United States and California became an American possession in 1846. Mr. Pico was born Pio de Jesus Pico, IV on May 5, 1801 at the Mission San Gabriel, California. In 1810 the Pico Family moved to San Diego where Pio grew up. In 1820 Pio opened a small store in San Diego to support his family. In about 1826 he became active in local politics and in about 1828 apparently became a sort of revolutionary. In 1829 he was granted a rancho, which was confirmed in 1831. After a rebellion and defeat of Gov. Victoria in 1831, Pio was declared Governor for a period of a few months. In 1834 he married and in the same year took charge of the Mission San Luis Rey and remained in charge until 1840. In 1837 he led an unsuccessful revolt against the then Governor Alvarado and in 1838 finished third in a contest for Governor. In 1841 he and his brother Andres obtained a grant for the Rancho San Onofre y Santa Margarita which was 89,742 acres. In 1844 he and Andres obtained the Las Flores Rancho bringing their total acreage to 133,440 acres and renamed the property Santa Margarita y Las Flores. This property later became, and still remains, Camp Pendleton. Also in 1844 the struggle between Northern & Southern California continued and Pio Pico led the opposition to Governor Micheltorena and on Feb. 15, 1845 Pio Pico was declared the legal Governor of California which was confirmed on Sept. 3, 1845 by the Mexican President Jose Herrera, which title he held until California surrendered to the Americans on July 4, 1846. Pio Pico fled to Mexico to avoid surrendering to Gen. Fremont and did not return until 1848 after the armistice was signed. He was able to reclaim his property and additionally purchased Rancho Paso de Bartolo Viejo, 8,891 acres for $4,642.00. The brothers became immensely wealthy supplying beef to the Northern California gold fields along with other ranching interests. In 1853 Pio Pico became a Los Angeles City Councilman around which time the Board of Land Commissioners met to review the Mexican land grants. The brothers were immensely successful and wound up with a total of 532,000 acres making them some of the richest men in California. Over the ensuing years Pio Pico continued ranching, became a stockholder in the Los Angeles Petroleum Refining Co., which later became Standard Oil of California. During this time he also built the Pico House in 1870, a luxury 3-story brick hotel in Los Angeles which cost $50,000 to build and $35,000 to furnish. His fortunes began to decline and he eventually lost all of his properties and died Sept. 11, 1894. Numerous buildings, streets, towns and other entities are named for this unusual man who rose from abject poverty, uneducated, to become a famous & wealthy person. His Pio Pico mansion still stands today and is a state park. Accompanied by three small pamphlets about the man and Pio Pico Mansion. Also accompanied by four small hardbound and one paperback books regarding Pio Pico and his life & accomplishments. Additionally accompanied by copies of four photographs of Pio Pico, one of which includes his wife and two young women. Also accompanied by a 3-page letter from noted Winchester historian & author, George Madis, who details most of the information about this carbine as above. PROVENANCE: Barnes Family Collection. CONDITION: Very good. Bbl, magazine tube, bbl bands, lever & hammer are a cleaned silver/brown patina; magazine tube has a ding on the muzzle end; receiver & sideplates show moderate edge wear with some light wear to the engraving and overall retain a medium mustard patina; buttplate is a matching condition & patina. Stock has a cracked toe with several gouges on the bottom along with other nicks, scratches & dings and a repair to the right side of the comb and overall retains about 80% orig varnish with a halo from the saddle ring; the orig forearm has a gouge on the right side, otherwise is sound and retains 60-70% orig varnish. Hammer will not catch at full cock, otherwise mechanics are fine, bright shiny bore. 4-47652 JR215 (35,000-45,000)

Auction: Firearms - Fall 2013
Please Note: All prices include the hammer price plus the buyer’s premium, which is paid by the buyer as part of the purchase price. The prices noted here after the auction are considered unofficial and do not become official until after the 46th day.